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A ordem natural das coisas: Agencia Literaria Carmen Balcells

In some cases, like the relationship between Solange and Domingos, the domination works the other way round and he is actually the one being dominated: Further on the narrator explains in more detail how the characters in this scene witness the desirable mulatto woman entering the shop: A more perfect description of the exotic can hardly be a ordem natural das coisas.

The desire for the mulatto woman is a mystery to these men, but so is the woman herself.


The male protagonists on the other hand, always refer to the women seen as objects of desire as to a possible escape from the rotten and futureless present, wherein the narrative of these protagonists the women a ordem natural das coisas as an antidote or medicine to this present: In the case of other figures like the policeman Portas one can also interpret his relationship with Lucilia as a longing for a past which was better.

The lust and appetite for Mulatto women are the first indications for improvement among the Portuguese, according to the doctor: In this way the discourse applied here by the male protagonists is a very masculine and dominating one, where castration or impotence is the same as death.

Especially painful in this respect is the end of A ordem natural das coisas Valadas: These men have no hope for the future, and no mulatto women to save them; and they do eventually die in the novel.

Memory As Rigney It seems to be the case that only in fiction the Portuguese are willing to be confronted with their colonial past. The memory involved and explored by the characters is for the most part individual, although the a ordem natural das coisas where that memory is kept and guarded the actual book belongs to the social a ordem natural das coisas.

In the confessions made throughout the book, most of the time it is not clear who exactly listens, it is as if the characters were talking to themselves, although occasionally a name pops up; usually the name of a female character, for example in the case of the 4Assmann defines four types of memory: Individual memory, Social memory, Political memory and Cultural memory.


For this study the term collective memory will occasionally reappear, which I use as a combination for Cultural, Political and Social memory, to avoid any misunderstandings.

Later on Jorge Vadala also uses Margarida to tell his sorrows to: When these memories of the past are evoked, and usually they concern a pre- Revolution before past, wherein a sort of longing or nostalgia takes hold of a ordem natural das coisas narrator: This melancholy for the past that will never return is a theme that keeps on emerging as the novel further develops, although there is great uncertainty about the truthfulness of the memories: One thing that is true, in most cases, is that after the Revolution ofmost characters lost what they a ordem natural das coisas and are overcome by a deception of life in general: The former patriots from the Salazar regime suffer the greatest disillusion, for they cannot comprehend why their efforts which were made in the interest of the Portuguese nation as a whole are not respected and valued anymore.

Ordem natural das coisas on Vimeo

And I a ordem natural das coisas shrank in size, offended in my love for you, holding it tight against my chest like a gift no one wants. As I will show later on, women are frequently compared with the nation; in the following example they even constitute the nation: Besides functioning as a metaphor or a metonym for the nation, women are included in the male narratives in the novel as an alleviate or antidote for bad memories: There are more examples to be found where the reader encounters women at the source of the remembrance of what in my opinion could be called negative memories.

Another aspect that brings back these negative memories are the former Portuguese colonies in the African continent; in nearly all occasions they are associated with death, heat, madness, and again, women but in this case these are mulatto-women, a special subject in A ordem Natural das Coisas which I will later investigate in more detail.

One of the clearest and most detailed examples of these negative memories come from the former mineworker, Domingos Oliveira, a ordem natural das coisas the second part of the book: Even Yolanda, who was born in Mozambique, sees herself as different, because a ordem natural das coisas the fact she was born in Africa:

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