We are all familiar with the modern QWERTY computer keyboard layout. But still don't know the name of the keys. Here is a list of symbols in. Earlier computer keyboards were based either on teletype machines or keypunches. By the late the number sign ('hash' symbol UK or 'pound' symbol US). Know Names of Symbols in Your Computer Keyboard show in this video. Alt 8. tab†, Alt 9. line break†, Alt


Author: Gene Murazik IV
Country: Brazil
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 20 May 2014
Pages: 765
PDF File Size: 49.82 Mb
ePub File Size: 29.11 Mb
ISBN: 241-7-31789-487-4
Downloads: 50034
Price: Free
Uploader: Gene Murazik IV


This produces a clicking sound keyboard symbols names gives physical feedback for the typist, indicating that the key has been depressed. Over time, less key travel was keyboard symbols names in the market, finally landing on 0.

Coincident with this, Key Tronic was the first company to introduce a keyboard that was only about one inch thick. And now keyboards measure only about a half-inch thick.

Computer keyboard key explanations

Keytops are an important element of keyboards. In the beginning, keyboard symbols names keytops had a "dish shape" on top, like typewriters before them.

Keyboard key legends must be extremely durable over tens of millions of depressions, since they are subjected to extreme mechanical wear keyboard symbols names fingers and fingernails, and subject to hand oils and creams, so engraving and filling key legends with paint, as was done previously for individual switches, was never acceptable.

So, for the first electronic keyboards, the key legends were produced by two-shot or double-shot, or two-color moldingwhere either the key shell or the inside of the key with the key legend was molded first, and then the other color molded second.

Keyboard layout

But, to save cost, other methods were explored, such as sublimation printing and laser engravingboth methods which could be used to print a whole keyboard at the same time. Initially, sublimation printing, where a special ink is printed onto the keycap surface and keyboard symbols names application of heat causes the ink molecules to penetrate and commingle with the plastic modules, had a problem because finger oils caused keyboard symbols names molecules to disperse, but then a necessarily very hard clear coating was applied to prevent this.

Coincident with sublimation printing, keyboard symbols names was first used in high volume by IBM on their keyboards, was the introduction by IBM of single-curved-dish keycaps to facilitate quality printing of key legends by having a consistently curved surface instead of a dish.

But one problem with sublimation or laser printing was that the processes took too long and only dark legends could be printed on light-colored keys.

On another note, IBM was unique in using separate shells, or " keycaps ", on keytop bases. This might have made their manufacturing of different keyboard layouts more flexible, but the reason for doing this was that the plastic material that needed to be used for sublimation printing was keyboard symbols names from standard ABS keytop plastic material.

Password special characters - OWASP

This was possible because of molding techniques that could provide very tight tolerances for the switch-plunger holes and guides across the width of the keyboard so that the key plunger-to-housing clearances were not too tight or too loose, either of which could cause the keys to bind.

The use of contact-switch membrane sheets under the monoblock. This technology came from flat-panel switch membranes keyboard symbols names, where the switch contacts are printed inside of a top and bottom layer, with a spacer layer in between, so that when pressure is applied to keyboard symbols names area above, a direct electrical contact is made.

The membrane layers can be printed by very-high volume, low-cost "reel-to-reel" keyboard symbols names machines, with each keyboard membrane cut and punched out afterwards.

Plastic materials played a very important part in the development and progress of electronic keyboards.

Special Characters — Alt Keyboard Sequences

Until "monoblocks" came along, GE's "self-lubricating" Delrin was the only plastic material for keyboard switch plungers that could withstand the beating over tens of millions of cycles of lifetime use. Greasing or oiling switch plungers was undesirable because it would attract dirt over time which would eventually affect the feel and even bind the key switches although keyboard manufacturers would sometimes sneak this into their keyboards, especially if they could not control the tolerances of the key plungers and housings well enough to have a smooth key depression feel or prevent binding.

But Delrin was only available in black and white, and was not suitable for keytops too softso keytops use ABS plastic. However, as plastic molding advanced in maintaining tight tolerances, and as key travel length reduced from 0.

Control processor[ edit ] Scanning procedure Computer keyboards include control circuitry to convert key keyboard symbols names into key codes [32] usually scancodes that the computer's electronics can understand.

The key switches are connected via the printed circuit board in an electrical X-Y matrix where a voltage is provided sequentially to the Y keyboard symbols names and, when a key is depressed, detected sequentially by scanning the X lines.

Know Names of Symbols in Your Computer Keyboard

The first computer keyboards were for mainframe computer data terminals and used discrete electronic parts. The first keyboard microprocessor was introduced in by General Instruments, but keyboards have been using the single-chip microcontroller variant since it became available in This serial keyboard cable communication is only bi-directional to the extent that the computer's electronics controls the illumination of the caps lock, num lock and scroll keyboard symbols names lights.

One test keyboard symbols names whether the computer has crashed is pressing the caps lock keyboard symbols names. The keyboard sends the key code to the keyboard driver running in the main computer; if the main computer is operating, it commands the light to turn on. All the other indicator lights work in a similar way.


This is a usage mostly found in newspapers and magazines, in which writers are often careful to avoid offending their very broad readership. In most other types of writing, such words are normally written out in full keyboard symbols names they are used at all. Compare the somewhat similar use of the dash.

Related Post